Components of flour
First if all, what IS flour? To understand the purpose of flour it’s crucial to know where it comes from. Flour is milled from grains such as wheat. The wheat grains are made up of several layers:
- Endosperm. The center of the grain. It contains starch, protein, carbohydrates and small amount of oil.All flours contain the endosperm. Quite frankly, most (white) flours only contain this part. The bran and germ are found in whole wheat flours.
- Brain (bran). The outer husk of the grain. Contains mostly fiber, but also adds texture and colour to flour.
- Germ. The reproductive epicenter of the grain. It contains the most nutrients. Flours with germ are rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber. It also contains a small amount of fat.